How Do Dentists Remove Wisdom Teeth?
Do you ever wonder how dentists remove wisdom teeth? In the following paragraphs, we have described this surgical procedure in detail, as well as things that need to happen before and after the surgery. Keep reading to learn more about all of this.
The surgical procedure of wisdom tooth extraction is one that dentists use for the removal of one wisdom tooth or multiple wisdom teeth. These are adult teeth and specifically the four permanent teeth that are found in the back corners of the mouth, with two on the bottom jaw and two on the top jaw. When a wisdom tooth doesn’t have enough room to grow, it is called an impacted wisdom tooth. That can result in pain, potential infection, and a number of other possible dental problems, all of which mean the wisdom teeth might need to be pulled. Dentists and oral surgeons all handle wisdom tooth extraction. In order to avoid possible future issues, a number of dental professionals and oral surgeons will suggest patients get their wisdom teeth extracted even if they’re not causing any issues at present.
Before The Surgery
Before a patient goes in for their surgery, they need to do a number of things. First, they should go in clean by brushing, flossing, and doing tongue-scraping, since they’re not going to be capable of doing this for several days following the surgery. Secondly, they need to put a recovery area together in their home, including water, elevated pillows for their sleeping station, and music, DVDs, or streaming content. They should also stock up on some pre-made food; there are numerous wisdom teeth recipes online, but most patients are simply too drugged up for cooking.
How Wisdom Teeth Get Removed
Once the chosen sedation method has had time to impact the patient, the dentist or oral surgeon will begin the procedure by numbing the tissue in the mouth around the tooth or teeth and the teeth themselves using a local anesthetic. Patients are likely to have previously had X-rays called a panorex of their wisdom teeth taken, but a dentist might want more X-rays done on the day of the actual procedure.
Once the patient gets totally numb, then the dentist will start the surgical portion of the procedure by removing any gum tissue that’s covering up the areas where the wisdom teeth are located. If any of the wisdom teeth are impacted, then incisions are made into the gum tissue so the tooth can be accessed. The gum tissue then gets pushed out of the surgeon’s way using surgical instruments until the tooth is visible enough. There’s a significant chance that impacted wisdom teeth can be partially or even fully covered by bone matter. If bone is covering any wisdom teeth, then the oral surgeon will use a high-speed handpiece to drill through the bone and then remove it from covering the wisdom teeth. In cases where wisdom teeth have already erupted up into the mouth, the oral surgeon will have to loosen any connective tissue that surrounds the wisdom teeth coming out.
Once an impacted wisdom tooth is visible to the oral surgeon or dentist, then a variety of surgical instruments get used to loosen the wisdom teeth gently from the connective tissue in their sockets. High-speed handpiece use can happen at points throughout the process of extraction. This is the same procedure to take care of erupted wisdom teeth. It might be necessary for the oral surgeon to actually cut the wisdom teeth into sections before removing them. That’s done because teeth are at risk of breaking when they get removed from their sockets.
Once a wisdom tooth gets loose or is totally sectioned, then it’s time to remove it. The oral surgeon will physically remove the wisdom teeth with surgical instruments designed to get the teeth removed from their sockets.
Once wisdom teeth are no longer in place, it might be necessary for there to be stitches to close up the areas where the teeth were. This gets done for many impacted wisdom teeth that are surgically removed and, in many circumstances, where the dentist thinks the patient might heal better if they have stitches in place.
The dentist or oral surgeon is likely to provide a number of post-operative instructions to be followed, as well as some gauze that the patient can bite down on.
Following The Surgery
If a patient’s surgery involved incisions, there might be dissolving stitches in place to seal up the gums; these typically dissolve anywhere from 7 to 10 days after the fact, but the dentist will say for sure. The oral surgeon involved might also put gauze over the extraction site or sites and request the patient maintain pressure on those spots by keeping the jaws bit together for around an hour. This gives the mouth time for blood clots to form up in the empty sockets; these are necessary steps in the healing process, so patients should not do anything to dislodge them. Antibiotics might also be prescribed.
In the day following wisdom tooth extraction, a patient needs to avoid smoking, drinking alcohol and hot liquids, rinsing their mouth out with any liquid, and strenuous physical activity.
What they can do includes using an ice pack on their face in order to minimize changes in skin color or swelling, apply moist heat if they have sore jaw, exercise their jaw with gentle openings and closings, stick to soft foods such as pasta and soup, drink lots of fluids, take any prescribed drugs, start brushing on their second day or later (but not against blood clots) and consult their doctor for fever or if pain and swelling don’t get better.
Not every adult winds up getting wisdom teeth, and not all of the individuals with wisdom teeth have to get them extracted, as many who have wisdom teeth have no pain or risk of complications. Still, if you need to have yours extracted, this article should have explained why and how this might happen. Consult your dental professional for more information.